Chiphårdvara för autopilot

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Hardware specifications
Hardware Hardware 1 Hardware 2[27] Hardware 3
Date & Naming 2014 Autopilot October 2016 Enhanced Autopilot Hardware 2.0[a] August 2017 Hardware 2.5 (HW 2.5)[b] April 2019 Full Self Driving computer (FSD)
Platform MobilEye EyeQ3[29] NVIDIA DRIVE PX 2 AI computing platform[30] Drive PX 2 with secondary node enabled.[25] FSD with two Tesla owned semiconductors
Forward Radar 160 m (525 ft) 170 m (558 ft)
Front / Side Camera Color Filter Array N/A RCCC RCCB
Forward Cameras 1 monochrome with unknown range 3:

  • Narrow (35°): 250 m (820 ft)
  • Main (50°): 150 m (490 ft)
  • Wide (120°): 60 m (195 ft)
Forward Looking Side Cameras N/A
  • Left (90°): 80 m (260 ft)
  • Right (90°): 80 m (260 ft)
Rearward Looking Side Cameras N/A
  • Left: 100 m (330 ft)
  • Right: 100 m (330 ft)
Rear View Camera For human use, not for automation use 50 m (165 ft)
Sonars 12 surrounding with 5 m (16 ft) range 12 surrounding with 8 m (26 ft) range
  1. ^ All cars sold after October 2016 are equipped with Hardware 2.0, which includes eight cameras (covering a complete 360° around the car), one forward-facing radar, and twelve sonars (also covering a complete 360°). Buyers may choose an extra-cost option to purchase either the ”Enhanced Autopilot” or ”Full Self-Driving” to enable features. Front and side collision mitigation features are standard on all cars.[28]
  2. ^ Also known as ”Hardware 2.1”; includes added computing and wiring redundancy for improved reliability.[25]



Function specifications (pending incremental updates and regulatory approvals)
Functions 2014 Autopilot 2016 Enhanced Autopilot/Full Self-Driving Capability 2019 Autopilot 2019 Full Self-Driving Capability
Hardware 1 Hardware 2 & 2.5 Hardware 2 & 2.5 & 3.0 Hardware 3.0
Hands-on feature with limited Hands-Free
On-Ramp to Off-Ramp for limited-access roads
Yes, except when driver wants to change lane.[31] Yes[27] Yes, except when driver wants to change lane.[32] Yes[32]
TACC-Traffic-Aware Cruise Control (Smart/Adaptive Cruise Control) Yes[33] Yes[27] Yes[32] Yes[32]
Max speed 90 mph (150 km/h)[34] 90 mph (150 km/h)[35] 90 mph (150 km/h)[35] 90 mph (150 km/h)[35]
Autosteer Yes[33] Yes, and in the future: tighter, more complex roads[27] Yes as in 2016[32] Yes as in 2016[32]
Auto Lane Change With confirmation: Driver initiates the lane changing signal
when the traffic is safe (due to ultrasonic 16 foot limited range capability)
then the system does the rest.[36]
Yes.[37] No. Autosteer would be disabled with a manual lane change.[32] Yes.[37]
Automatic Highway Interchanges Manually by using turn signal[38] Yes[27] No. Manually only.[32] Yes[32]
Navigate On Autopilot from On-ramp to Off-ramp No Yes[39] No. This function costs extra.[32] Yes[32]
Autopark: Parallel and Perpendicular Parking Yes[33] Yes[27] No. This function costs extra.[32] Yes[32]
remote automatic car retrieval,
including automatic garage door opening and closing
Yes[40] Yes[27] No. This function costs extra.[32] Yes[32]
Enhanced Summon:
Supervised 150-foot line-of-sight remote car retrieval.[41]
No Yes[42] No Yes[42]
Lane Departure Warning Yes. As Standard Option.[43] Yes. As Standard Option[44] Yes. As Standard Option[45] Yes. As Standard Option[45]
Traffic Lights and Stop Signs Recognition and Response No No No. This function costs extra.[32] Yes: Expected feature release by end of 2019[32]
Automatic Driving on City Streets No No No. This function costs extra.[32] Yes: Expected feature release by end of 2019[32]
Full Self-Driving Capability No[33] In future: Yes, with an additional fee for Full Self-Driving Capability.
The Tesla car will be able to drive itself,
automatically recharge at ”cable bot”-equipped Superchargers
and can use Parking Seek to find a parking space all without a driver.[27]
Hardware needs to be upgraded to Hardware 3.0.[46]
No. This function costs extra.[32] Still ”Yes” for unknown future activation as described in 2016.[32]

Hardware 1[edit]

Vehicles manufactured after late September 2014 are equipped with a camera mounted at the top of the windshield, forward looking radar (supplied by Bosch)[47][48] in the lower grille and ultrasonic acoustic location sensors in the front and rear bumpers that provide a 360-degree view around the car. The computer is the Mobileye EyeQ3.[49] This equipment allows Model S to detect road signs, lane markings, obstacles, and other vehicles. Upgrading from Hardware 1 to Hardware 2 is not offered as it would require substantial work and cost.[50]

Hardware 2[edit]

Tesla HW2 camera & radar coverage as shown by the company’s website.

Hardware 2, included in all vehicles manufactured after October 2016, includes an Nvidia Drive PX 2[51] GPU for CUDA based GPGPU computation.[52][53] Tesla claimed that Hardware 2 provided the necessary equipment to allow full self-driving capability at SAE Level 5. The hardware includes eight surround cameras and 12 ultrasonic sensors, in addition to forward-facing radar with enhanced processing capabilities.[22] The Autopilot computer is replaceable to allow for future upgrades.[54] The radar is claimed to be able to observe beneath and ahead of the vehicle in front of the Tesla; the radar can see vehicles through heavy rain, fog or dust.[55] Tesla claimed that the hardware was capable of processing 200 frames per second.[56]

When ”Enhanced Autopilot” was enabled in February 2017 by the v8.0(17.5.36) software update, testing showed the system was limited to using one of the eight onboard cameras, the main forward-facing camera[57] The v8.1 software update released a month later enabled a second camera, the narrow-angle forward-facing camera.[58]

Hardware 2.5[edit]

HW 2.5 (also known as ‘2.1’) included a secondary node (without a GPU) to provide more computing power and wiring redundancy to slightly improve reliability.[25][59]

Hardware 3[edit]

According to Tesla’s Andrej Karpathy, as of Q3 2018, there have been large neural networks developed for Autopilot that cannot be used due to the lack of computational resources in current Tesla hardware. The next version of the hardware (3.0) will provide the resources to allow for improved accuracy in predictions.[60]

HW 3.0 includes a custom Tesla-designed processor using application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC) chips. Tesla claimed that the new system would process 2,000 frames per second, 10 times more powerful than hardware 2.5.[61][62] The firm described it as a ”neural network accelerator”.[56] The company claimed that 3.0 was necessary for ”full self-driving”, but not for ”enhanced Autopilot” functions.[63]

In October 2018, Tesla estimated first availability of Hardware 3 to be April 2019[64], however Tesla started delivering some Model X vehicles with Hardware 3 around March 22, 2019[citation needed].

Elon Musk stated that customers who purchased the Full Self-Driving package will be eligible for upgrade to HW 3.0 without cost.[65]


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